System for personal authorization control for card transactions

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The Visa U.S.A. Inc. patent solves the following problem:

Credit card transactions are a common way to effect payment in connection with a transaction. In a typical transaction, a cardholder chooses goods or services and presents a card, such as a Visa credit card, check card or debit card to a merchant. By the merchants brought goods or do service, the merchants usually allow for a charge in the amount agreed for the merchandise or service, point-to- sale.

Our analysis of this patent is as follows:

Visa U.S.A. Inc.’s patent US 7389275 B2 deals with System for personal authorization control for card transactions.
A permission system allows for cardholder-given parameters of a personal authority on the part of the system. The discussion will be chosen by the cardholder to limit the authorizations that if given the card. The debate will be shown on the borders of frequency, dollar amounts, merchants, geographic location, time of day, its activities, or the like. Permission for a given transaction, even where allowed one issuer and a network operator, can be denied based on self-constraint put the cardholder. In some variations, the message sent to the cardholder base to constraints on the cardholder and the transaction will be approved and messaged, or denied and messaged.

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Communication among partitioned devices

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The Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. patent solves the following problem:

Computer and other data handling system, it is sometimes desirable to divide the portion of the system from one another. Divide refers to an arrangement of a larger system is divided into parts that are not completely isolated, but access from one partition to another. Sneezing can for example be used to reduce the risk of a malfunction in one partition to interfere with work in another partition. Sneezing can for example be used to reduce the risk of malicious activity on a partition interfere in other partitions. Sneezing can for example be used to simplify programming, by enabling a programmer to ignore the existence of other partitions.

Our analysis of this patent is as follows:

Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.’s patent US 7386688 B2 deals with Communication among partitioned devices.
Things and information system firmware for a processor on a partitionable computing system disclosed. One thing contain information corresponding to the components in the computer system. The information contained in these entries is important that a speech and an area for the register of generally accessible to other partitions. The register is capable of defining a speech as the use of processor arranged to allow other partitions to access at least one speech in the place described in at least one Register and to deny other partitions access to address areas other than at least one accessible place talk.

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System and method for automatic access of a remote computer over a network

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The Neomedia Technologies, Inc. patent solves the following problem:

A computer network is a group of computers (or hosts) to be able to talk to electronic. In logical terms, the network can be considered a set of nodes or locations, with each computer on the network that is home to one or more nodes. In general, every company is assigned a numeric address, the network used to route information to a particular host. To facilitate the people using the network, addresses are often given letter-number code (or mnemonics), easier for people to remember. For example, the numeric address 200.98.322.56 may be assigned to Mnemonic sample.com.

Our analysis of this patent is as follows:

Neomedia Technologies, Inc.’s patent US 7383209 B2 deals with System and method for automatic access of a remote computer over a network.
A system and method of using the identification code so ordinary articles of commerce to access the remote computer on a network. Based on an image to create a computer provided with a database of relevant Uniform Product Code (UPC) numbers to Internet network address (or URL). To access a resource on the Internet related to a particular product, a user enters product UPC symbol manually, by swiping a bar code reader on the UPC symbol, or by other appropriate input means. database retrieves the URL corresponding to the UPC code. This location information is used to access the desired resource.

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Method and system for preventing unauthorized rerecording of multimedia content

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The International Business Machines Corporation patent solves the following problem:

The invention disclosed broadly relates to the field of providing multimedia content to an end user system, and especially in inhibiting unauthorized rerecording of multimedia content while playing the multimedia system for the end user.

Our analysis of this patent is as follows:

International Business Machines Corporation’s patent US 7383228 B2 deals with Method and system for preventing unauthorized rerecording of multimedia content.
A method, system and computer readable medium for blocking the recording of digital content to an end user multimedia end-user system during the translation of encrypted digital multimedia files. Before the process of rendering the encrypted digital multimedia that can be started in all rendered media stream during playback opened to ensure that this multimedia content is not recorded. It blocks the use of multimedia interfaces including devices and / or ports that can be used to store the un-encrypted content decrypted for the purpose of eliminating or naked. strategy also includes an exception that allows recording with permission from the present invention.

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Training an on-line handwriting recognizer

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The Evernote Corp. patent solves the following problem:

With the advent of tablet computer with handwritten pen input and with the advent of the handwritten input pen for writing the messages sent over the internet, there is an increasing need for a true time or on-line character recognizer.

Our analysis of this patent is as follows:

Evernote Corp.’s patent US 7382921 B2 deals with Training an on-line handwriting recognizer.
Character models were made, and the parameters of the models that adjust to optimize character recognition made by the model. The impact on the character recognizer to use the model of training. The model was created in three steps. First, a vector quantization process uses a set of raw sample of written symbols to make a smaller set of general character references or symbols. Second, a model character references graph structure is made to unify general every form of model graphics in the same manner to a character reference model graph. together based on weighted Euclidian distance between the trajectory appointed Graph edge. As a final part of this second stage manner parallel vector appointed calculating edge to colleagues describe the model given edge in every form and at every possible quantized value of other parameters input graph edge. Thus, common functions, or virtues, described the different tables in different model edge. In the third stage, model creation to further contain reducing erroneous recognition by adjusting the model parameters. An appropriate smoothing the estimates used in the calculation of similarity scores between input graph and the model. The input graph representing a word from a sample set used for training, ie adjust model parameters graph. A false recognition is calculated as a function of the difference between the similarity scores for the best answer and a correct answer for meeting recognized. Down the wrong recognition as a function of changes in parameters are computed and used to adjust the parameters. Model of with the new parameters used to recognize words in a test set, and a percentage of correct recognition of test set calculated. The recognition wrong calculations work set, the keystone adjustment process, and the calculation of the percentage of correct recognition of trials set repeated. After a number of iterations of this process, the highest set of parameters for the model found.

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